TRUMP THE MUSICAL PROPHET

Companion resources to forthcoming book chapter:
Daniel Oore, “Trump the Musical Prophet” in The Role of Music in the 2016 Presidential Election and Beyond, ed. Eric T. Kasper and Benjamin S. Schoening (Denton: University of North Texas Press, 2018).

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CHAPTER FOOTNOTES (for easy URL access):

627 Tom Morello, whose work is discussed in “Repeating Reverberations,” cites Martin Luther King Jr.: “ ‘There’s no hotter place in hell than for people who remain neutral in times of moral conflict.’ This is a time of moral conflict, and so we are escaping the hot pit of hell by bringing some rock and roll hip hop fury.” Bloomberg Politics, “Prophets of Rage ‘Make America Rage Again’ (Live at The Whisky),” June 2, 2016, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VYCxm0NGRFE. See also Emma Brockes, “Neutrality Is Dead. You’re Either with Trump or against Him,” The Guardian, August 25, 2017, sec. Opinion, http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2017/aug/25/donald-trump-president-apolitical. The silent voice of agency where musical celebrities declined Trump’s invitations to perform at the inauguration, examined in David Wilson, “‘Pub Fight’ Politics: Of Trump, Anger Management, and Music,” in [Chapter 10 of This Volume], ed. Eric T. Kasper and Benjamin S. Schoening (Denton: University of North Texas Press, 2018). Not long after, Trump offered support for white supremacists through his inaction and neutral posturing toward the attack at Charlottesville. Judicial neutrality too, is arguably used to justify certain, say, conservative or liberal, values. 

628 Objectifications that arguably materialize into disenfranchising policy and legislation, including the Trump administration’s restriction of women’s access to birth control, ironically on the dissemination anniversary of his “grab them by the…” comment, Ari Melber, “Trump Restricts Women’s Healthcare on Anniversary of Access…,” The Beat, October 6, 2017, http://www.msnbc.com/msnbc-news/watch/trump-restricts-women-s-healthcare-on-anniversary-of-access-hollywood-1064689219797. 

629 USA TODAY, Trump: “The Greatest Jobs Producer the God Ever Created,” 2017, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jElcJsZhjxY; NowThis News, Donald Trump: “I Will Be The Greatest Jobs President” | NowThis, 2015, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4Eg1m9w3Az8. 

630 Wilson, “‘Pub Fight’ Politics.” Election campaigns increasingly draw on big data to model the probabilities of each individual’s preferences in order to win their vote. Hannes Grassegger and Mikael Krogerus, “The Data That Turned the World Upside Down,” Motherboard, VICE, January 28, 2017, https://motherboard.vice.com/en_us/article/mg9vvn/how-our-likes-helped-trump-win. 

631 Kira Hall, Donna Meryl Goldstein, and Matthew Bruce Ingram, “The Hands of Donald Trump: Entertainment, Gesture, Spectacle,” HAU: Journal of Ethnographic Theory 6, no. 2 (October 31, 2016): 71–100, https://doi.org/10.14318/hau6.2.009. 

632 Jean Grant, “Five Things We Learned from Justin Trudeau’s Interview with the New York Times at U of T,” Toronto Life, June 23, 2017, https://torontolife.com/city/toronto-politics/five-things-learned-justin-trudeaus-interview-new-york-times-u-t/; Ian Austen, “Trudeau on Trump: ‘He Actually Does Listen,’” The New York Times, June 22, 2017, sec. Americas, https://www.nytimes.com/2017/06/22/world/americas/trudeau-trump-nafta-canada.html. 

633 Michael Wolff claims that Trump “does not read, does not listen,” adding “he’s like a pinball…just shooting off the sides,” suggesting that Trump listens, processes, and responds to external stimuli instinctually. Savannah Guthrie, “‘Fire And Fury’ Author Michael Wolff: ‘I Absolutely’ Spoke To President Donald Trump | TODAY,” Today (NBC News, January 5, 2018), https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=REEg6Jwmp6s. 

634 Nerdwriter1, Donald Trump: Magician-In-Chief, 2016, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wkvvAQxxo_0. 

635 Emily Nussbaum, “How Jokes Won the Election,” The New Yorker, January 16, 2017, https://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2017/01/23/how-jokes-won-the-election. Cf. laughs in Hall, Goldstein, and Ingram, “The Hands of Donald Trump.” 

636 Carol Vernallis, Experiencing Music Video: Aesthetics and Cultural Context (New York: Columbia University Press, 2004). 

637 Ben Craw, “Donald Trump Says Billions and Billions and Billions,” VICE News, July 15, 2017, https://news.vice.com/story/donald-trump-says-billions. 

638 While a semantic network draws on etymologies it does not claim to trace etymological evolution. See semantic networks and ideasthesia in: Daniel Oore, “Snap, Twang, and Blue Note: A Cross-Cultural Examination of Features That Accompany Temporal Deviations in African-American Musics” (University of Toronto, 2017), http://dani.oore.ca/snap-twang-bluenote/; Uta Jürgens and Danko Nikolić, “Ideaesthesia: Conceptual Processes Assign Similar Colours to Similar Shapes,” Translational Neuroscience 3, no. 1 (January 1, 2012), https://doi.org/10.2478/s13380-012-0010-4. 

639 See proboscis-snout-snap relationship, and Jew’s harp in Oore, “Snap, Twang, and Blue Note.” 

640 Trumping flatulence was early conceived in musical terms, Jonathon Green, “Trump, V.,” Green’s Dictionary of Slang, Oxford Reference (Chambers Harrap Publishers, 2011), http://www.oxfordreference.com.myaccess.library.utoronto.ca/view/10.1093/acref/9780199829941.001.0001/acref-9780199829941-e-48824?rskey=EY1org&result=15. Douglas Harper, “Trump,” Online Etymology Dictionary, 2017, http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?allowed_in_frame=0&search=trump; John Simpson, ed., “Trump, n.1,” OED Online (Oxford University Press, 2017), http://www.oed.com.myaccess.library.utoronto.ca/view/Entry/206926; John Simpson, ed., “Trump, v.1,” OED Online (Oxford University Press, 2017), http://www.oed.com.myaccess.library.utoronto.ca/view/Entry/206929; Angus Stevenson, “Trump,” Oxford Dictionary of English (Oxford University Press, 2015), http://www.oxfordreference.com.myaccess.library.utoronto.ca/view/10.1093/acref/9780199571123.001.0001/m_en_gb0885760; Jonathon Green, “Trump, n.1,” Green’s Dictionary of Slang, Oxford Reference (Chambers Harrap Publishers, 2011), http://www.oxfordreference.com.myaccess.library.utoronto.ca/view/10.1093/acref/9780199829941.001.0001/acref-9780199829941-e-48821?rskey=EY1org&result=16; Tony Thorne, Dictionary of Contemporary Slang, 3 ed (London: A. & C. Black, 2007); Eric Partridge and Jacqueline Simpson, The Routledge Dictionary of Historical Slang (London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1973), http://public.eblib.com/choice/publicfullrecord.aspx?p=181198. 

641 Simpson, “Trump, v.1”; Simpson, “Trump, n.1”; John Simpson, ed., “† Trump, v.2,” OED Online (Oxford University Press, 2017), http://www.oed.com.myaccess.library.utoronto.ca/view/Entry/206930; John Simpson, ed., “Trump, n.2,” OED Online (Oxford University Press, 2017), http://www.oed.com.myaccess.library.utoronto.ca/view/Entry/206927; John Simpson, ed., “Trump, v.3,” OED Online (Oxford University Press, 2017), http://www.oed.com.myaccess.library.utoronto.ca/view/Entry/206931; John Simpson, ed., “† Trump, n.3,” OED Online (Oxford University Press, 2017), http://www.oed.com.myaccess.library.utoronto.ca/view/Entry/206928; Julia Cresswell, “Trump,” The Oxford Dictionary of Word Origins (Oxford University Press, 2010), http://www.oxfordreference.com.myaccess.library.utoronto.ca/view/10.1093/acref/9780199547920.001.0001/acref-9780199547920-e-5164; Richard Spears, NTC’s Thematic Dictionary of American Slang and Colloquial Expressions, 3 ed. (United States: McGraw Hill Professional, 1999); Partridge and Simpson, The Routledge Dictionary of Historical Slang. 

642 Patrick Hanks, “Trump (1354),” Dictionary of American Family Names (Oxford University Press, 2006), http://www.oxfordreference.com.myaccess.library.utoronto.ca/view/10.1093/acref/9780195081374.001.0001/acref-9780195081374-e-64108. 

643 Simpson, “Trump, v.1”; John Ayto and John Simpson, “Trump,” The Oxford Dictionary of Modern Slang (Oxford University Press, 2013), http://www.oxfordreference.com.myaccess.library.utoronto.ca/view/10.1093/acref/9780199543700.001.0001/acref-9780199543700-e-5503; Cresswell, “Trump.” 

644 Simpson, “Trump, n.2”; Simpson, “† Trump, v.2”; Simpson, “Trump, v.3”; Partridge and Simpson, The Routledge Dictionary of Historical Slang. Cf. inventiveness, unforeseen, im-pro-vise, and also extrump as extemporize. 

645 Ronald Decker and Michael Dummett, A History of the Occult Tarot (Duckworth Overlook, 2013). 

646 Douglas Harper, “Triumph,” Online Etymology Dictionary, 2017, http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=triumph&allowed_in_frame=0; Stevenson, “Trump”; Cresswell, “Trump.” 

647 Oore, “Snap, Twang, and Blue Note”; H. S. Versnel, Triumphus: An Inquiry Into the Origin, Development and Meaning of the Roman Triumph (Brill, 1970). 

648 Simpson, “Trump, v.1.” 

649 Angus Stevenson, “Last Trump, N.,” Oxford Dictionaries of English (Oxford University Press, 2015), http://www.oxfordreference.com.myaccess.library.utoronto.ca/view/10.1093/acref/9780199571123.001.0001/m_en_gb0458630; Angus Stevenson and Christine A. Lindberg, “Last Trump, N.,” New Oxford American Dictionary (Oxford University Press, 2015), http://www.oxfordreference.com.myaccess.library.utoronto.ca/view/10.1093/acref/9780195392883.001.0001/m_en_us1262325; Cresswell, “Trump.” 

650 Decker and Dummett, A History of the Occult Tarot. Other times the tarot is paired with the letter Shin, a letter signifying patriarchy, tainted by its association with Resh. Michael Laitman, The Zohar [Annotations to the Ashlag Commentary] (Laitman Kabbalah Publishers, 2009), 148–53. 

651 Rabbi Aaron L. Raskin, “Reish — Evil,” Chabad.org, 2018, http://www.chabad.org/library/article_cdo/aid/137092/jewish/Reish-Evil.htm. See also Zohar citation above. 

652 John Oliver, “Donald Trump,” LastWeekTonight (HBO, February 28, 2016), https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DnpO_RTSNmQ. 

653 Jonathon Green, “Trump, Adj.,” Green’s Dictionary of Slang, Oxford Reference (Chambers Harrap Publishers, 2011), http://www.oxfordreference.com.myaccess.library.utoronto.ca/view/10.1093/acref/9780199829941.001.0001/acref-9780199829941-e-48823. 

654 Ibid. A web search reveals numerous song lyrics using the word “Trump,” although most of these are as nouns. JAY-Z’s “Brooklyn High,” uses an adjective combining form and Kendrick Lamar’s “Determined” uses an abstract noun form. Other lyrics use the word to name the man, property, or brand specifically, e.g. Tribe Called Quest’s “Skypager,” Nas’s “Loco-Motive,” Lil Wayne’s “Get Down,” “Racks on Racks,” and “Ice Cream,” and Migos’s, “Bars.” See “Trump,” Genius, October 20, 2017, https://genius.com/search?q=trump. 

655 Hugh Atkin, A Little Trump Music – Classic Trump Vol. 2, 2015, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SGbI-14neOs. See “Repeating Reverberations.” 

656 Nerdwriter1, How Donald Trump Answers A Question, 2017, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_aFo_BV-UzI. 

657 “How Many Languages Does Trump Speak?,” Quora, February 2017, https://www.quora.com/How-many-languages-does-Trump-speak; “Does Trump Speak a Second Language?,” Quora, June 2017, https://www.quora.com/Does-Trump-speak-a-second-language; “Does Donald Trump Speak Any Other Languages?,” Quora, August 2017, https://www.quora.com/Does-Donald-Trump-speak-any-other-languages. 

658 Tom Brokaw, “A 33-Year-Old Trump Talks NYC Real Estate in 1980,” Today/NBC News (MSNBC, 1980), http://www.msnbc.com/documentaries/watch/today-show-1980-with-donald-trump-589527619719. 

659 Nerdwriter1, Why Donald Trump Is A Gift To Democracy, 2015, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9Tji1g0WrPw. Cf. pathological speech changes in Bandy X. Lee, The Dangerous Case of Donald Trump: 27 Psychiatrists and Mental Health Experts Assess a President, First edition (New York: St. Martin’s Press, 2017). 

660 Cf. “blue collar” persona in his “Green Acres” performance in “Auditory Gesture.” 

661 Nerdwriter1, How Donald Trump Answers A Question; Vidhi Doshi and Justin McCurry, “Trump in Translation: President’s Mangled Language Stumps Interpreters,” The Guardian, June 6, 2017, http://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2017/jun/06/trump-translation-interpreters. 

662 Jennifer Sclafani, Talking Donald Trump: A Sociolinguistic Study of Style, Metadiscourse, and Political Identity (New York: Routledge, 2017). 

663 Cf. pathological memory issues and repetition in Michael Wolff, Fire and Fury: Inside the Trump White House (Henry Holt and Company, 2018). 

664 Super Deluxe, Donald Trump’s Speeches As An Early 2000s Emo Song, 2017, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RCAbBnWm4LM; Super Deluxe, Donald Trump’s Tweets As An Early 2000s Emo Song, 2017, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CopDK_jI6DI; Super Deluxe, Donald Trump’s Tweets: A New American Anthem, 2016, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zopoJ5YA5Ts. GQ, Hamilton’s Lin-Manuel Miranda Sings Donald Trump Tweets In a New Musical | GQ, 2016, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1bNqZt5556k; GQ, Lin-Manuel Miranda Presents: The Donald Trump Run-On Sentence Musical | GQ, 2016, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xuVip8tDS30. See also: Naomi Graber, “Seeing Double: Presidential Parodies and the Art of the Musical,” Trax on the Trail, July 21, 2016, http://traxonthetrail.com/article/seeing-double-presidential-parodies-and-art-musical. 

665 On social media, his spelling errors are mocked or celebrated as those of a typically careless politician, those of a uniquely uncensored one, or even of a cleverly cryptic one. Randy Rainbow, COVFEFE: THE BROADWAY MEDLEY! A Randy Rainbow Parody, 2017, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1UW2ZndKqcg. See also: Hugh Atkin, Twitter & Trump – An Unpresidented Adventure, 2017, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RvH4c1HG5wM; Liam Stack, “No, ‘Covfefe’ Was Not Trump Speaking Arabic,” The New York Times, June 1, 2017, sec. Politics, https://www.nytimes.com/2017/06/01/us/politics/covfefe-trump-arabic.html; Matt Flegenheimer, “What’s a ‘Covfefe’? Trump Tweet Unites a Bewildered Nation,” The New York Times, May 31, 2017, sec. Politics, https://www.nytimes.com/2017/05/31/us/politics/covfefe-trump-twitter.html. See also: “Why Does Donald Trump Always Talk Using Superlatives?,” Quora, March 2017, https://www.quora.com/Why-does-Donald-Trump-always-talk-using-superlatives. 

666 Joy Villa, Make America Great Again! Joy Villa (Official Music Video), 2017, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wefRJVooXHQ; MoveOn, LTH Crowd Favorite – Make America Great Again, 2016, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vf9K5KEs4rE. 

667 Everyday LaVan, Anthony Hamilton and The Hamiltones – Donald Trump Will Grab You by the Pu**y, 2016, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7yU7UqXF68M; Mono Neon, MonoNeon & Anthony Hamilton/The Hamiltones – “Trump Will Grab You by the Pu**y,” 2016, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=b6hlJOYOniA. 

668 The singer on the left at 0:11 of MoveOn, LTH Crowd Favorite – Make America Great Again. 

669 Nerdwriter1, How (And Why) Donald Trump Tweets, 2016, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=geEVwslL-YY. 

670 See grain in Roland Barthes, Image, Music, Text, trans. Stephen Heath (London: Fontana Press, 1977). 

671 Drew Dzwonkowski, Donald Trump – In His Own Words, 2016, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2EGmPzQ6Qx8. See “In the Hall of the Mountain King,” discussed in “Mythic Gesture.” 

672 Rump for President 2016 For President, The Trump White House – Featuring Green Acres Theme Song, 2015, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hwc57zkBW5w; NODI, DONALD TRUMP SINGING MEXICAN ANTHEM, 2015, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mHNTBzPtF9Q. 

673 Bad Lip Reading, “TRUMP ANTHEM” — A Bad Lip Reading of Donald Trump, 2018, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Zo_mpwmashg. 

674 CNN, “Internet Makes Fun of Trump’s Executive Orders” (CNN, April 25, 2017), https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VckBrHMrHQ8; R. Hobbus, “Recent Study Shows Nearly 6 in 10 Trump Supporters Are Illiterate,” Real News Right Now (blog), October 18, 2016, http://realnewsrightnow.com/2016/10/recent-study-shows-nearly-six-ten-trump-supporters-illiterate/; Samantha Bee, “A Totally Real, 100% Valid Theory,” | Full Frontal with Samantha Bee (TBS, October 31, 2016), https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=2&v=7LFkN7QGp2c. 

675 thisworldhasjumpedtheshark, Trump Draws – Complete, Yuhe Compilation, 2017, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tr3E5vz0ADs; Dean Dcruz, Donald Trump Draws Vine Compilation, 2017, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QviWL373CPo. Cf. “covfefe” videos in “Lexical Gesture.” 

676 Bomb Squad Records, Donald Trump Remix – [Bombs Away – China All The Time] Ft. Donald Trump, 2015, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=J7TWHj-7ycQ. 

677 CBC, Opera Legend Ben Heppner Performs The New Donald Trump Musical | Because News | CBC, 2016, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UsLL-BlxD3Y. 

678 See embodied cognition and action understanding in sound and music, e.g.: Daniel Oore and Sageev Oore, “Snap as Embodied Engagement” (Music Engagement Research Initiative Symposium, Centre for Computer Research in Music and Acoustics, Stanford, July 15, 2017); Vijay Iyer, “Improvisation, Action Understanding, and Music Cognition with and without Bodies,” in The Oxford Handbook of Critical Improvisation Studies, Volume 1 (Forthcoming), ed. Lewis and Piekut (Oxford University Press, 2014), http://www.oxfordhandbooks.com/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780195370935.001.0001/oxfordhb-9780195370935-e-014; Marc Thioux, Valeria Gazzola, and Christian Keysers, “Action Understanding: How, What and Why,” Current Biology 18, no. 10 (May 20, 2008): R431–34, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2008.03.018. 

679 Christie OQuin, Donald Trump Says Turn the Cameras around. “I’d Fire His Ass Right Now.” (Biloxi, MS 1-2-16), 2016, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XLNRvr93q0A; SON OF AFRICA MEDIA, Trump To Camerman FIRE HIS ASS TURN THE CAMERA YouTube, 2016, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WjkhAgl0rVo. 

680 See “Auditory Gestures.” 

681 Josh King and Brian Williams, “Why President Donald Trump Uses A Different Microphone Than Past Presidents | The 11th Hour | MSNBC” (MSNBC, May 3, 2017), https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=w2EBxt0ELW0. 

682 Michel Chion, The Voice in Cinema (Columbia University Press, 1999). 

683 USA TODAY, “Trump Dances, Internet Notices” (USA Today, January 20, 2017), https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WY6-KkwWrTo; CNN, “Donald Trump Dances at Church Service” (CNN, September 3, 2016), https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RbkGAlqxFzQ; FOX 10 Phoenix, “THE MOST AWKWARD (Donald) Stand By Me Cover – Trump Ben Carson Dance on Stage – FNN” (FOX 10 Phoenix, March 20, 2016), https://youtu.be/bOp9k5WGoIU? 

684 Adolfo Flores, “Donald Trump Had His First Dance On Stage And People Thought It Got Awkward,” BuzzFeed, January 20, 2017, https://www.buzzfeed.com/adolfoflores/he-did-it-his-way; Theresa Massony, “Donald Trump And Melania’s Awkward First Dance Was All Of Us In Middle School,” Elite Daily, January 21, 2017, https://www.elitedaily.com/news/politics/donald-trump-melania-first-dance-awkward/1761406; Kelly Mclaughlin, “Donald Trump and Melania Are Mocked for ‘Awkward’ Dance to My Way,” Mail Online, January 21, 2017, http://www.dailymail.co.uk/~/article-4142712/index.html; Will Worley, “Melania Trump Just ‘an Object’ to Her Husband, Body Language Expert Says,” Independent, January 24, 2017, http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/americas/melania-trump-first-lady-just-an-object-donald-trump-body-language-expert-us-president-white-house-a7542806.html. 

685 Ibid. 

686 Ibid. 

687 Peter Collett, “The Seven Faces of Donald Trump – a Psychologist’s View,” The Guardian, January 15, 2017, http://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2017/jan/15/the-seven-faces-of-donald-trump-a-psychologists-view. 

688 Bomb Squad Records, Donald Trump Remix – [Bombs Away – China All The Time] Ft. Donald Trump. 

689 Huw Parkinson, Life Accordion To Trump #3: “Happy Holidays” Edition, 2017, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AZTn1UMs408; Huw Parkinson, Life Accordion To Trump #2, 2017, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TOsGt4bEUyU; Huw Parkinson, Life Accordion To Trump, 2017, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S65jqrHQi_c. 

690 Sclafani, Talking Donald Trump. 

691 Ibid. 

692 ScottDW, DONALD TRUMP VS HILLARY CLINTON DANCE BATTLE! // ScottDW – Born to Be, 2016, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oB-b39wqf1o. 

693 Klay Network, TRUMP PLAYS CNN LIKE A FIDDLE – BEST TRUMP vs CNN MEME, 2017, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=55HKHv-bUsY. 

694 America’s Got Talent, “The Singing Trump: Bringing America Together with Backstreet Boys Medley – America’s Got Talent 2017,” America’s Got Talent, July 18, 2017, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=U2LACM55JFA. 

695 schmoyoho, “TRUMP CLINTON FACE OFF (Ft. Joseph Gordon-Levitt),” SONGIFY THE NEWS, October 10, 2016, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PneUk30Cqq0&list=PL0-rkS6BcMVw2VW3-4WITmUNw-mSeji3J. 

696 Rumundjin, Evil Clown Conducting Mercadante Flute Concerto No.2 in e Minor, Final, 2017, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Q-kbIc8Nss0; Adam Carrillo, Trump Conducts His Symphony, 2016, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=T9Nq6VbDcbw&list=PL0-rkS6BcMVw2VW3-4WITmUNw-mSeji3J. 

697 Naomi Graber, Eric Hung, and Aaron Manela, “The Snowths & Mahna Mahna, Baby & Johnny, Michael Myers & the Final Girl Join the Debate,” Trax on the Trail, October 19, 2016, http://traxonthetrail.com/article/snowths-mahna-mahna-baby-johnny-michael-myers-final-girl-join-debate; The Woodcreek Faction, DONALD TRUMP : The Muppet Show Mashup, 2016, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vZnlz-b2NnY. 

698 Cf. reception of “In the Hall of the Mountain King” memes in “Repeating Reverberations.” 

699 RSBN 2, “Donald Trump Doesn’t Like The Microphone in Pensacola (1-13-16)” (RSBN 2, January 13, 2016), https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=a1quVs9aogY; ThinkProgress, “Trump: It’s Not Me, It’s the Microphone,” October 28, 2016, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FHX7Tw86jPI. 

700 Deron Dongwerdat, Donald Trump vs Microphone, 2017, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=79t6V_65xUQ. Compare with composer John Cage’s exploration of chaotic (aleatoric) “silence” in “4’33”,” and more similarly even, in “4’33” No.2,” and “One3.” The latter two compositions call for intense amplification or a sound system on the verge of feeding-back. Cage’s 1952 “ 4’33” ” is a three-movement work where the musician does not play their instrument. 

701 Olga Khazan, The Science Behind Hating Hillary’s Voice (The Atlantic, 2016), https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5Z7_AKoezCA. 

702 King and Williams, “Why President Donald Trump Uses A Different Microphone Than Past Presidents | The 11th Hour | MSNBC” (May 3, 2017). 

703 ispettoreigiene, Donald Trump Green Acres Parody, 2016, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EP8W_hvQSjI; Television Academy, “Donald Trump & Megan Mullally – Green Acres at the Emmys,” July 15, 2011, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AiZqFGLAeAc. 

704 Werner Erkelens, Donald Trump: Leaked Jazz Track, 2016, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4Paw5sBsyJ0; Dan Felix, Saxophonetics: Donald Trump’s Anti-Muslim Speech, 2016, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RWx3i3cNLIk; Andrei Sora, Donald Trump Speech-to-Guitar Translation, 2016, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RD87K5xY-r0. 

705 Dywane MonoNeon Thomas Jr., MonoNeon: TRUMP SAYS BILLIONS AND BILLIONS!, 2017, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=A6329wa_Xlg. 

706 Craw, “Donald Trump Says Billions and Billions and Billions”; VICE News, Donald Trump Says Billions and Billions and Billions, 2017, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=u_aLESDql1U; HuffPost Entertainment, Donald Trump Says “China,” 2015, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RDrfE9I8_hs. 

707 Speech to song illusion in Diana Deutsch, “Speech to Song Illusion,” Diana Deutsch, 2013, http://deutsch.ucsd.edu/psychology/pages.php?i=212. 

708 HuffPost Entertainment, Donald Trump Says “China.” 

709 Iggy Jackson-Cohen, Donald Trump Says “China” – Bass Cover by Iggy Jackson Cohen, 2016, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VHtKx2jk40U. 

710 Mono Neon, MonoNeon & Iggy Jackson Cohen: DONALD TRUMP SAYS “CHINA” (GUITAR & BASS), 2016, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CDC_RbfTYdo. 

711 A Dying Ultimatum, Metal Version of Trump Saying “China” by A Dying Ultimatum, 2016, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IIwWrfC1M3U. 

712 grandayy, Donald Trump – Numa Numa Wall, 2017, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VaOeM-fwByo; grandayy, Donald Trump Ft. Daft Punk – China, China, China, China, 2017, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZrNrleD2ZFs; Bomb Squad Records, Donald Trump Remix – [Bombs Away – China All The Time] Ft. Donald Trump. 

713 Reisto Belovich, “Billions and Billions” Song – Donald Trump Compilation with Emotional Piano, 2017, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kJy4grc0PNI; Mono Neon, MonoNeon: Donald Trump Says “Look At My African-American Over Here…,” 2016, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=azoMhSuPZu0. 

714 Swell Connections, Tiny Hands – Fiona Apple, 2017, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=geQPkEYJtf4. 

715 Neurocinematic Knickerbocker Glory, DJ Trump – A Millie (Billions & Billions Remix), 2017, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=M9fTFx9CzWY. Michael Saffle identifies another one of the “many videos that imbues Trump with an air of hip hop bravado,” Michael Saffle, “The Trump Bump 2016: User-Generated Campaign Music about Donald Trump and His Political Opponents,” Trax on the Trail, February 20, 2016, http://www.traxonthetrail.com/article/trump-bump-2016-user-generated-campaign-music-about-donald-trump-and-his-political-opponents. 

716 placeboing, Billions (Trump Remix), 2017, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yeqEC66E7hk. 

717 Peter Serafinowicz, Sassy Trump Sings National Anthem on Memorial Day, Arlington, 2017, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=awjGc9j7cnA. 

718 Examples from the Songify project: schmoyoho, “TRUMP VS. CLINTON (Ft. Blondie) – Songify 2016,” SONGIFY THE NEWS (YouTube, September 27, 2016), https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=95AR87ciruc; schmoyoho, “Trump Goes Hard – Songify 2016,” SONGIFY THE NEWS, May 20, 2016, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YcGPSnswzjc; schmoyoho, “Donald Trump Sings & Dances – Songify This,” SONGIFY THE NEWS (YouTube, November 6, 2015), https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5nwNfmkaV_I. 

719 DanTDM Dubs, Donald Trump Singing The Pokemon Theme Song, 2016, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qjzpuYqB6Kw. 

720 Avner Hanani, The Trump Sonata – Parts 1 & 2 (out of 6) / by Avner Hanani, 2017, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=T7BqhtQ1c0Y. 

721 grandayy, Donald Trump – Scatman (Bing-Bing-Bong-Build-A-Wall), 2017, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=o0khB28MgQk; grandayy, We Are Number One but It’s Bing-Bonged by Donald Trump (Featuring His Political Friends), 2016, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LJxxHDTz8J4; TwinkieMan, Donald Trump Bing Bong – Remix Compilation #2, 2016, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=e43EIwjVKeQ; TwinkieMan, Donald Trump Bing Bong – Remix Compilation, 2016, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oguvSPdtHQ8; White Guilt, Donald The Trump Train (Bing Bong), 2016, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KjdE7zz3BqA; placeboing, “If” – Stuttering Obama Remix Featuring Trump, 2016, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=poz6W0znOfk; Manufacturing Intellect, Joe Pesci vs Donald Trump “Bing! Pow! Boom! Bing!,” 2015, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CfyT8vTV9Y8. 

722 The Late Show with Stephen Colbert, Donald Trump Tries To Say Something Bad About Russia, 2017, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1X3UzOiIGog; White Guilt, Donald The Trump Train (Bing Bong); TwinkieMan, Donald Trump Bing Bong – Remix Compilation. In fact, one analyst finds that Trump rarely uses pause “fills,” VICE News, 7 Public Speaking Tips From Donald Trump, 2017, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=05tp0VscN8A. 

723 Reiq -Quake-, Donald Trump Minecraft Sniff, 2017, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=x9pc75W_QrE. 

724 The Well Creative Productions, #TrumpSniff Is Everything – Donald Trump Animated Debate With Hillary “The Sniff” Animation, 2016, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=z21ZYjuVmVE. 

725 ANDREW HUANG, Making a Beat out of a Donald Trump Sniff., 2016, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=N-w9c6zYLS0. 

726 Donald Trump and Meredith McIver, Think Like a Champion: An Informal Education in Business and Life (New York: Vanguard Press, 2009). 

727 SirFudgin – MLG Voice Guy, Donald Trump Saying “Build a Wall” 1,073,741,824 Times (1 Billion), 2017, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=62t7PMFfSl4; Bill Baird, Trump Says “China” 1.35 Billion Times. Which Is the Actual Population of China., 2016, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=umhdEj9QQqQ; Exploring The Internet, Over 1,000,000 Trumps Say “Wrong,” 2016, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wx_Zo93RQoo. 

728 The Gregory Brothers, Donald Trump Plays the Tuba – Extended Interview, 2016, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xsgIyzhVZD8. This also drops a reference to the (Family Guy) motif heard in The Last Leg, Following Donald Trump With A Tuba – The Last Leg, 2015, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7QosyPyUTag. 

729 Bad Lip Reading, “TRUMP ANTHEM” — A Bad Lip Reading of Donald Trump; AVbyte, DRAW MY LIFE – Donald Trump (The Musical), 2016, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=I7ZrJeo9ga0. 

730 Practically, impersonators still rely on microphones and playback systems to scrutinize Trump’s gestures and to disseminate their own impersonations. America’s Got Talent, “The Singing Trump: Presidential Impersonator Channels Bruno Mars – America’s Got Talent 2017,” May 30, 2017, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dUTtQPMuA1Y; The Tonight Show Starring Jimmy Fallon, Barbra Streisand Duets with Donald Trump, 2016, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xv1np1f8xlc; Eyes on it, Meryl Streep as Donald Trump Public Theater Gala Shakespeare, 2016, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7CjS1d3uFAw; Fox News, “Terry Fator Adds ‘Donald Trump’ to His Las Vegas Lineup,” Hannity (FOX News, May 26, 2016), https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HoZ_Jq5LN7Q. See playlist at dani.oore.ca/trump for other theatrical representations of Trump’s actual or imagined musical performances. 

731 Avner Hanani, The Trump Sonata / Avner Hanani, 2017, http://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLwEO2A7gJspBX0HtHKxbTg7z1v-v97M4l. See also “Repeating Reverberations.” 

732 ABC News, “Trump Full Press Conference as President-Elect (HD) | ABC News” (ABC News, January 11, 2017), https://youtu.be/SUyAk0bYps0. 

733 Ibid. 

734 Iain McGilchrist, The Master and His Emissary (London: Yale University Press., 2010). 

735 Soon to be discussed with respect to: MonoNeon, MonoNeon: Andrew Caldwell Exposes Brian Carn About Trump, 2016, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VjZHQACvx1o. 

736 E.g. Hugh Atkin, A Little Trump Music – Classic Trump Vol. 2. 

737 Cf. Dionysian omophagia. 

738 Thorstein Memeson, Donald Trump Emperor of America, 2016, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xQCaWLF2gfs; Pacifics Edge, Donald Trump: Let’s Make America Great Again Theme Song, 2016, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5ecEb4tEPic. 

739 Cf. Trump’s nicknaming as an essentializing metonymic gesture in Hall, Goldstein, and Ingram, “The Hands of Donald Trump.” 

740 Cf. forging an enemy in VICE News, 7 Public Speaking Tips From Donald Trump. 

741 Avner Hanani, The Trump Sonata – Part 3 (out of 6) / by Avner Hanani, 2017, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=a-dNxDbLU-U. 

742 Thorstein Memeson, Trump, Twilight of the Thundergod, 2016, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=19oUVarhM4Y. Cf. sacrifice of “primordial marine monster” as cosmogenesis, in Mircea Eliade, The Sacred and the Profane: The Nature of Religion, trans. Williard R. Trask, Harper Torchbooks (Harcourt, 1987). 

743 Cf. gestural relationships in Christopher Small, “Musicking — the Meanings of Performing and Listening. A Lecture,” Music Education Research 1, no. 1 (March 1999): 9–22, https://doi.org/10.1080/1461380990010102. 

744 Oore, “Snap, Twang, and Blue Note”; Joscelyn Godwin, The Harmony of the Spheres: The Pythagorean Tradition in Music (Inner Traditions & Bear, 1992). 

745 Bill Baird, Trump Says “China” 1.35 Billion Times. Which Is the Actual Population of China., 2016 

746 See “In the Hall of the Mountain King” meme, discussed in “Repeating Reverberations.” 

747 Joy Villa, Make America Great Again! Joy Villa (Official Music Video). 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wefRJVooXHQ. 

748 Cf. on the power of the truthful word to introduce habitable order into chaos, see Jordan B. Peterson, Biblical Series II: Genesis 1: Chaos & Order, 2017, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hdrLQ7DpiWs; Jordan B. Peterson, Biblical Series III: God and the Hierarchy of Authority, 2017, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=R_GPAl_q2QQ. 

749 Josh Kun, Audiotopia: Music, Race, and America (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2005). 

750 Thorstein Memeson, Donald Trump Emperor of America; Pacifics Edge, Donald Trump. 

751 Mono Neon, MonoNeon: WE ARE GOING TO SEE DONALD TRUMP IN PERSON // Mom Surprises Daughter, 2016, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yI-bO2J_mF0. 

752 Dywane MonoNeon Thomas Jr., MonoNeon: White Nationalists March in Charlottesville, Virginia… TRUMP’S AMERICA!, 2017, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YkOUKc3PLMI. 

753 Mono Neon, MonoNeon: “DUMP TRUMP, WE DON’T WANT HIM” (T-AARONMusic & Christianee Porter) for Donald Trump, 2016, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9Zgre3CW7CI. Note MonoNeon’s use of six subdivided snaps starting on the words “everybody knew.” The use of the snap rhythm and its subdivided variations in rustic and socially, politically, and spiritually-charged musics is studied in Oore, “Snap, Twang, and Blue Note.” 

754 Peterson, Biblical Series II; Peterson, Biblical Series III. 

755 “Coincidentia oppositorum” in Mircea Eliade, Patterns in Comparative Religion, trans. Rosemary Sheed (New York: Sheed & Ward, 1958). N.b. feminine or masculine as in the “cosmological principle” that woman or man embodies. Ibid. 

756 Sclafani, Talking Donald Trump. Satirized musically, for example, in Hugh Atkin, In the Hall of the Mountain Trump – Classic Trump Vol. 3, 2016, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gra34FVFGaE. Cf. ambiguity and paralipsis in VICE News, 7 Public Speaking Tips From Donald Trump. Cf. neuroscience of myth, logic, ambiguity, and paradox in McGilchrist, The Master and His Emissary. 

757 Eliade, The Sacred and the Profane: The Nature of Religion. Cf. formlessness, in “Repeating Reverberations.” 

758 Chiara Bottici, A Philosophy of Political Myth (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010). 

759 Donné Clement Petruska, Kim Clement Prophecy- The Trump Prophecies, ISIS, Socialism, Russia, China, A Woman, 2017, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LiKIn1REnxQ; Thorstein Memeson, Trump, Twilight of the Thundergod; Prophecy In The Views, Mark Taylor September 03 2017 – THE SHIFT IS COMING – Mark Taylor Prophecy 2017, 2017, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OOBvqomm0D4; Qronos16, Mark Taylor Trump Prophecies Coming True One after Another Must See!, 2017, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=b6iq-7AAk9s. 

760 Rage Against The Machine, Rage Against The Machine – Sleep Now in the Fire, 2010, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=w211KOQ5BMI. 

761 See subdivided snaps in earlier footnote to MonoNeon’s “Dump Trump.” 

762 See opening footnote. 

763 Exceptions include the use of Trump’s name in the video title and its utterance by media personalities. 

764 DeeleyDog, HALL OF THE TRUMPEN KING Election Night Classic, 2017, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2IMrbync0cc; Keagars2004, Who’s Laughing Now? (In the Hall of the Mountain King), 2017, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ULfBoTPXzIc; TRUMPalicious, When People Laughed At The Idea Of Trump Actually Being Elected President! Compilation, 2016, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UCl5YfYd-Qs; Keith Roman, In The Hall Of Trump, 2016, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zIWEGnEat5k; betrollingu1, In the Hall of the Trumpen King (Election Night Edition), 2016, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rdVjrDEO_vs; Master Brew, IN THE HALL OF THE TRUMPEN PRESIDENT | Superior Edition, 2016, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RE-uhXKO-nk; WoodenSpurs, In the Hall of the Trumpen King (Nominee Edition), 2016, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kWC2AcxNCK8; Jim Boonie, In the Hall of the Trumpen King, 2016, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XvyRIgPImOY. 

765 The “In the Hall of the Mountain King” meme is examined in detail in “Repeating Reverberations.” Hugh Atkin, In the Hall of the Mountain Trump – Classic Trump Vol. 3; Drew Dzwonkowski, Donald Trump – In His Own Words. 

766 Cf. soul music influences in Trump’s playlist examined in Wilson, “‘Pub Fight’ Politics.” 

767 Mono Neon, MonoNeon: Andrew Caldwell Exposes Brian Carn About Trump, 2016, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VjZHQACvx1o. 

768 See “last trump” in “Lexical Gestures.” 

769 E.g. Obama’s lexical gestures in will.i.am’s “Yes We Can.” See: Carol Vernallis, “Audiovisual Change: Viral Web Media and the Obama Campaign,” Cinema Journal 50, no. 4 (September 4, 2011): 73–97, https://doi.org/10.1353/cj.2011.0062. Prosodic tracing of political auditory gestures often seems to draw on Henry Hey’s pieces, which themselves seem to build on Hermeto Pascoal’s “som da aura” music. sailingandmusic, Bushsong – by Henry Hey, 2009, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-RQPeoyqyP4; Luiz Costa Lima Neto, “The Experimental Music of Hermeto Paschoal e Grupo (1981–93): A Musical System in the Making,” British Journal of Ethnomusicology 9, no. 1 (2000): 119–42, https://doi.org/10.1080/09681220008567294. 

770 Mythic vilification discussed in “Mythic Gesture.” Some of Hillary Clinton’s and Bernie Sanders’ campaign ads exemplify mythic celebration, e.g.: Sanders’ America, which uses no audio of Sanders speaking (except for the obligatory “… I approve this message”). Sanders also continues to deflate his interviewers’ gossipy attempts to incite division, by shifting such discussions away from himself and back to the issues and the spirit he deems necessary to fix them, e.g.: The Late Show with Stephen Colbert, What Bernie Sanders Wants Hillary To Do Next, 2017, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tv-hgegVq0k. 

771 Carol Vernallis, “Audiovisuality and the Media Swirl: Campaign 2016,” Flow, October 25, 2016, https://www.flowjournal.org/2016/10/audiovisuality-and-the-media-swirl/. Trump dominated news coverage throughout the campaigns, Brian Stelter and Ken Olshansky, “How Much Does Donald Trump Dominate TV News Coverage? This Much,” CNN, December 6, 2015, http://money.cnn.com/2015/12/06/media/donald-trump-nightly-news-coverage. Does this reflect or influence the quantity of user-generated content dedicated to Trump? 

772 Find a brief history of fan videos in Angelina I. Karpovich, “Reframing Fan Videos,” in Music, Sound and Multimedia: From the Live to the Virtual, ed. Jamie Sexton, Music and the Moving Image (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2007), 17–28. 

773 Bottici, A Philosophy of Political Myth. 

774 NYMAG, “113 Journalists Surveyed on Why They’re So Despised,” NYMAG | Daily Intelligencer, July 25, 2016, http://nymag.com/daily/intelligencer/2016/07/media-survey.html; Mariana Sosa Cordero, “Three Ways to Fight Corruption in the Media,” Transparency International: The Global Coalition Against Corruption, November 18, 2016, https://www.transparency.org/news/feature/three_ways_to_fight_corruption_in_the_media. 

775 ANDREW HUANG, Making a Beat out of a Donald Trump Sniff.; Bomb Squad Records, Donald Trump Remix – [Bombs Away – China All The Time] Ft. Donald Trump. 

776 Victoria Vesna, ed., Database Aesthetics: Art in the Age of Information Overflow, Electronic Mediations, v. 20 (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2007). 

777 John Cassidy, “Donald Trump Is the ‘TV Reality’ President,” The New Yorker, February 6, 2017, https://www.newyorker.com/news/john-cassidy/donald-trump-is-the-tv-reality-president; David Showalter, “Donald Trump and the Political Aesthetics of Reality Television,” Berkeley Journal of Sociology, June 8, 2017, http://berkeleyjournal.org/2017/06/donald-trump-and-the-political-aesthetics-of-reality-television/; Jeff Nesbit, “Donald Trump Is the First True Reality TV President,” Time, accessed October 2, 2017, http://time.com/4596770/donald-trump-reality-tv/. 

778 Randy Rainbow, BRAGGADOCIOUS!: Randy Rainbow Moderates Debate #1, 2016, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ldfF6chin5s. 

779 Jay Willis, “Donald Trump’s Action Hero Swagger Was His Secret Weapon,” GQ, November 10, 2016, https://www.gq.com/story/donald-trumps-action-hero-swagger-was-his-secret-weapon. 

780 Robert Greene, The 48 Laws of Power, ed. Joost Elffers (London: Profile, 1998). 

781 Ari Melber, “Strategic Thinking Expert: Trump Doesn’t Get ‘Laws of Power,’” The Beat (MSNBC, August 30, 2017), http://www.msnbc.com/the-beat-with-ari-melber/watch/strategic-thinking-expert-trump-doesn-t-get-laws-of-power-1036355139917; throwawaycomedian95, “Robert Greene Talks Donald Trump, but Clearly Doesn’t Understand Him. • r/The48LawsOfPower,” Reddit, September 2017, https://www.reddit.com/r/The48LawsOfPower/comments/6zzy9d/robert_greene_talks_donald_trump_but_clearly/; Jim Swift, “Donald Trump and the 48 Laws of Power,” Weekly Standard, 10:30, /donald-trump-and-the-48-laws-of-power/article/1015193. 

782 Ibid. 

783 Robert Greene, The 48 Laws of Power, ed. Joost Elffers (London: Profile, 1998). 

784 Philip Rucker and Ashley Parker, “The White House Struggles to Silence Talk of Trump’s Mental Fitness,” Washington Post, January 8, 2018, sec. Politics, https://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/the-white-house-struggles-to-silence-talk-of-trumps-mental-fitness/2018/01/08/2a7d4092-f493-11e7-a9e3-ab18ce41436a_story.html. “Formlessness” is examined in business management e.g. Ken N. Kamoche, Miguel Pina E. Cunha, and Joao Vieira da Cunha, Organizational Improvisation (London; New York: Routledge, 2002), http://public.eblib.com/EBLPublic/PublicView.do?ptiID=180658. 

785 VICE News, 7 Public Speaking Tips From Donald Trump. 

786 Sclafani, Talking Donald Trump; VICE News, 7 Public Speaking Tips From Donald Trump. 

787 Cf. fills in VICE News, 7 Public Speaking Tips From Donald Trump. Cf. Asyndeton as “selective suppression” and “deletion” of auditory memories in Jean François Augoyard and Henry Torgue, Sonic Experience: A Guide to Everyday Sounds (McGill-Queen’s Press-MQUP, 2014). 

788 The term “iamb” shares etymological origins in Asia Minor with the term “triumph” in expressions of sensual and prophetic ecstasy, and later, in Ancient Greece, became known as the poetic meter of satire and invective. Oore, “Snap, Twang, and Blue Note”; Versnel, Triumphus. 

789 Rebecca Leydon, “Towards a Typology of Minimalist Tropes,” Music Theory Online 8, no. 4 (December 1, 2002), http://www.mtosmt.org/issues/mto.02.8.4/mto.02.8.4.leydon.html. 

790 Ibid. 

791 Wolff, Fire and Fury. 

792 Cf. “Mythic Gesture.” 

793 Cf. pragmatic versus poetic lists in Umberto Eco, The Infinity of Lists: An Illustrated Essay (Rizzoli, 2009); Robert E. Belknap, The List: The Uses and Pleasures of Cataloguing (Yale University Press, 2004). 

794 Bottici, A Philosophy of Political Myth, 111–12, 118; Philip M. Peek and Kwesi Yankah, eds., African Folklore: An Encyclopedia (New York: Routledge, 2004), 728, 857–60; David E. Orton, ed., Prophecy in the Hebrew Bible: Selected Studies from Vetus Testamentum, Brill’s Readers in Biblical Studies, v. 5 (Leiden ; Boston, MA: Brill, 2000), 145; Hans Blumenberg, Work on Myth, trans. Robert M Wallace (Cambridge: MIT Press, 1988), 40; Jeff Opland, Xhosa Poets and Poetry (New Africa Books, 1998), 85–86; David M. Howard, Jr., The Structure of Psalms 93-100 (Eisenbrauns, 1997); Alfred Sendrey, Music in Ancient Israel (Philosophical Library, 1969), 507; Barbara H. Smith, Poetic Closure (University of Chicago Press, 1968), 74; John Cumming, Prophetic Studies: Lectures on the Book of Daniel (Lindsay and Blakiston, 1855), 312. Cf. David L. Petersen, Late Israelite Prophecy: Studies in Deutero-Prophetic Literature and in Chronicles, no. 23 (Missoula, Mont: Scholars Press, 1977), 64–68. 

795 Eco, The Infinity of Lists. Essay (Rizzoli, 2009). 

796 Vernallis, Experiencing Music Video. 

797 Cf. Michael Saffle, “The Trump Bump II: Satire, Remix Culture, and User-Generated Campaign Musical Posts,” Trax on the Trail, January 12, 2017, http://traxonthetrail.com/article/trump-bump-ii-satire-remix-culture-and-user-generated-campaign-musical-posts. 

798 Today, “aesthetic signifiers, such as production value, can no longer act as a shorthand for level of quality” or truthfulness “(in part thanks to rapid technological innovation).” Brian Feldman, “Why 2018 Will Be the Year of the YouTube Moral Panic,” Select All NYMAG, January 3, 2018, http://nymag.com/selectall/2018/01/why-2018-will-be-the-year-of-the-youtube-moral-panic.html. 

799 DanTDM Dubs, Donald Trump Singing The Pokemon Theme Song. 

800 See Deleuze’s “actualization of the virtual” in Tim Barker, “Aesthetics of the Error: Media Art, the Machine, the Unforeseen, and the Errant,” in Error: Glitch, Noise, and Jam in New Media Cultures, ed. Mark Nunes (New York: Continuum, 2011), 42–58. 

801 Including that witnessed in Trump’s “shoddier” campaign ads. Vernallis, “Audiovisuality and the Media Swirl.” 

649 Ibid. 

803 Even animation satirists Trey Parker and Matt Stone (creators of the decidedly kinesthetically lo-fi South Park) express doubts about their own abilities to compete with Trump, in ABC News (Australia), “Mormon the Musical Creators Trey Parker and Matt Stone Say Trump Is Too Hard to Satirise,” February 2, 2016, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zcQH9VJ9sq4. 

804 Umberto Eco, The Infinity of Lists: An Illustrated Essay (Rizzoli, 2009). 

805 Trump and McIver, Think like a Champion. 

806 Avner Hanani, The Trump Sonata / Avner Hanani. See “Auditory Gesture.” 

807 See “triumph,” in “Lexical Gesture.” 

808 Wilson, “‘Pub Fight’ Politics.” 

809 Grieg brooded over this very composition: “which I literally cannot bear to hear, it hums so much of cow-pats, of ultra-Norwegianism and sufficient-unto-thyselfness! But I expect that the irony will also be able to be felt.” Beryl Foster, The Songs of Edvard Grieg (Woodbridge, Suffolk, UK ; Rochester, NY: Boydell Press, 2007), 92. See also: Daniel M. Grimley, Grieg: Music, Landscape and Norwegian Identity (Woodbridge ; Rochester, NY: Boydell Press, 2006), 68. On Trump and the use of sarcasm and irony, see: Nussbaum, “How Jokes Won the Election.” 

810 These contribute, perhaps unknowingly, to a body of revisionist interpretations of Ibsen and Grieg’s work, recast in the context of America’s struggle for Civil Rights, including a Duke Ellington and Billy Strayhorn collaboration, “Peer Gynt Suites.” Anna Celenza, “Duke Ellington, Billy Strayhorn, and the Adventures of Peer Gynt in America,” Music and Politics V, no. 2 (Summer 2011), https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.3998/mp.9460447.0005.205. 

811 The Trump troll doll market and frequent media references, include: “Troll-in-Chief,” “Donald Trump the best troll in all of politics,” “Trump the Troll,” “Trolls for Trump,” and “Donald Trump Is The World’s Greatest Troll”: John Cassidy, “Donald Trump Will Go Down in History As the Troll-in-Chief,” The New Yorker, June 29, 2017, https://www.newyorker.com/news/john-cassidy/donald-trump-will-go-down-in-history-as-the-troll-in-chief; Chris Cillizza, “Donald Trump Is the Best Troll in All of Politics,” CNN, April 29, 2017, http://www.cnn.com/2017/04/28/politics/donald-trump-nra/index.html; Rich Lowry, “Trump the Troll,” POLITICO Magazine, May 24, 2017, http://politi.co/2qlBmuV; Stella Muir, “Someone Made A NSFW Trump Troll Doll, And Now They’re Running A Kickstarter Campaign To Mass Produce It,” Bored Panda (blog), March 2017, https://www.boredpanda.com/trump-nude-troll-doll-chuck-williams/; The Master Design, “Collectible President Donald Trump Troll Doll – Hair to the Chief,” Amazon.com, 2017, https://www.amazon.com/Collectible-President-Donald-Trump-Troll/dp/B06XNXQQ6D; Andrew Marantz, “Trolls for Trump,” The New Yorker, October 24, 2016, https://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2016/10/31/trolls-for-trump; Nate Silver, “Donald Trump Is The World’s Greatest Troll,” FiveThirtyEight (blog), July 20, 2015, https://fivethirtyeight.com/features/donald-trump-is-the-worlds-greatest-troll/. Videos dedicated to the subject, include: This Information, The World’s Greatest Troll: The Humor of Donald Trump, 2016, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fzkBfTfiXS0. In the scene Grieg’s music serves, the trolls sing (in Norwegian) “May I hack him on the fingers? May I tug him by the hair? 

812 See Slavoj Žižek’s analysis of Beethoven’s “Ninth” as an empty container reused to suit every ideological need, in The Pervert’s Guide to Ideology Sophie Fiennes, The Pervert’s Guide to Ideology, Documentary, 2013, http://www.imdb.com/title/tt2152198/. 

813 Greene, The 48 Laws of Power. 

814 Harper, Douglas, “Troll,” Online Etymology Dictionary, 2018, https://www.etymonline.com/word/troll. 

815 Wilson, “‘Pub Fight’ Politics.” 

816 MoveOn, LTH Crowd Favorite – Make America Great Again. 

817 DanTDM Dubs, Donald Trump Singing The Pokemon Theme Song. 

818 Wilson, “‘Pub Fight’ Politics; ” Eric T. Kasper and Benjamin S. Schoening, “The Unwelcome Use of Musical Artists and Their Songs by Presidential Candidates,” Trax on the Trail, December 18, 2015, http://traxonthetrail.com/article/unwelcome-use-musical-artists-and-their-songs-presidential-candidates. 

819 Nussbaum, “How Jokes Won the Election.” 

820 sailingandmusic, McCain and Palin Sing (by Henry Hey). 

821 Hugh Atkin, “Hugh Atkin,” 2009, https://twitter.com/hmatkin?lang=en. 

822 Hugh Atkin, A Little Trump Music – Classic Trump Vol. 2. 

823 See examination of subdivided snaps in this and other compositions in Oore, “Snap, Twang, and Blue Note.” Also noted earlier in this chapter, e.g. in Tom Morello’s solo. 

824 These user comments (and all those that immediately follow), are quoted from those posted below Hugh Atkin’s video: Hugh Atkin, A Little Trump Music – Classic Trump Vol. 2. 

825 Ibid. 

826 Ibid. 

827 Ibid. 

828 Ibid. 

829 Ibid. 

830 Ibid. 

831 Ibid. 

832 Ibid. 

833 See “Trump” as proclamatory and (overly) self-promoting in “Lexical Gesture.” 

834 Jonathan Gray, Jeffrey P. Jones, and Ethan Thompson, eds., Satire TV: Politics and Comedy in the Post-Network Era (New York: NYU Press, 2009). Jay-Z explains: “The great thing about Donald Trump being president is now we’re forced to have the dialogue” about racism. Dean Baquet, Jay-Z and Dean Baquet, in Conversation (The New York Times, 2017), https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XbuQAbG2AZ0. 

835 Greene, The 48 Laws of Power. 

836 Leydon, “Towards a Typology of Minimalist Tropes.” 

837 Some different cultural correlations between different types of motion and immorality are discussed in Oore, “Snap, Twang, and Blue Note.” E.g. limping flat-footed Jew and black and gait comparisons between criminals and epileptics well into twentieth century Europe. 

838 Hugh Atkin, The Aria of Donald Trump (Aka “Trumpanera”) – Classic Trump Vol. 1, 2015, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Goz0PJbdURM. 

839 See Daniel Fischlin, “Improvised Responsibility: (Call and) Responsibility: Improvisation, Ethics, Co-Creation,” in The Improvisation Studies Reader: Spontaneous Acts, ed. Rebecca Caines and Ajay Heble (New York: Routledge, 2015), 289–95; Tracy McMullen, “People Don’t Get Ready: Improvisation, Democracy, and Hope,” in People Get Ready: The Future of Jazz Is Now!, ed. Ajay Heble and Rob Wallace, Improvisation, Community, and Social Practice (Durham: Duke University Press, 2013), 265–79. See vulnerability in: Mark Laver, “The Share: Improvisation and Community in the Neoliberal University,” in Improvisation and Music Education: Beyond the Classroom, ed. Ajay Heble and Mark Laver (Routledge, 2016), 232–57; Martha Craven Nussbaum, Not for Profit: Why Democracy Needs the Humanities, The Public Square Book Series (Princeton, N.J: Princeton University Press, 2010).